共识——《数字货币词典》词条征集

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正名:共识

英文名:xxxx

定义:xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx。



全称:xxxx(与正名等效使用的名词)

简称:xxxx(与正名等效使用的名词)

俗称:xxxx(非学术用语)


 

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  • 词条撰写人:火币区块链研究院 李慧

    正名:共识
    英文名:Consensus
    定义:共识通常指多方共同或大多数就某事项达成一致的行为。区块链里的共识指的是分布式架构下促使多节点成员就某网络状态或数据达成一致的规则。

    全称:共识
    简称:共识
    俗称:共识
  • Cheeye 郭善琪^^ 水手 2019-11-15 09:58:30 只看该作者 板凳
    词条撰写人:共识经济学(Consenomics)创立者郭善琪

    正名:共识
    英文名:Consensus

    定义(中文):

    共识是特定人群(社区、组织、社会)在特定历史阶段就某个经济活动或社会活动中的特定议题达成的一致意见。

    定义(英文):

    A consensus is general agreement for proposals for special essues in economic or social activities among a group of people (community, organization or society) in special history period.

    全称:共识
    简称:共识
    俗称:共识
  • Cheeye 郭善琪^^ 水手 2019-11-15 10:01:18 只看该作者 地板
    达成#共识# (Consensus)根本动因是降低特定人群(社区、组织、社会)在特定历史历史阶段参与某个经济活动或社会活动所面临的不确定性。

    The fundamental motivation for consensus is to reduce the uncertainty that a particular group of people (communities, organizations, societies) may face in a particular economic activity or social event at a specific historical stage.
  • Cheeye 郭善琪^^ 水手 2019-11-15 10:11:11 只看该作者 5楼
    从哲学层面观察,共识源自社会(社区、组织)成员对真、善、质、量及相关基本问题的一致认识。

    In the perspective of Philosophy, the Consensus originates from the coincident cognition of the members in a society (community or organization) about genuineness,goodness, quality, quantity and related fundamental questions.

    从制度经济学层面观察,共识源自社会(社区、组织)成员对经济活动中的正式规则和非正式规则的一致认可。

    In the perspective of Institutional Economics, Consensus orignates from the coincident cognition of the members in a society (commutiy or organization) about formal rules and informal rules of the economic activities.

    从社会学层面观察,共识源自社会(社区、组织)成员对社会活动中的正式秩序和非正式秩序的一致认可。

    In the perspective of Sociology, Consensus originates from the the coincident cognition of the members in a society (commutiy or organization) about formal orders and informal orders of the social activities.

    在传统经济中,共识通过一系列正式与非正式的契约所构成的制度来实现。

    In Traditional Economy, Consensus is implemented with the institution consisted of a series of formal and informal contracts.

    在区块链经济中,共识通过一系列算法所构成的数字可编程智能合约来实现。

    In Blockchain Economy, Consensus is implemented with the digital programable smart contract compsed by a series of algorithms.

    在传统经济中,共识的变迁包括渐变与突变,前者是社会经济正常发展过程中的和平演变,后者是社会遭遇战争或政权更迭而造成的制度跃变。

    In Traditional Economy, the Evolution of Consensus includes gradual change and sudden change,where the former changer is the peaceful evolution in the period of normal social economic development, while the latter change occured during the period of war or regime change.

    在区块链经济中,就目前观察而言,共识的变迁亦包括渐变(软分叉)和突变(硬分叉)。

    In Blockchain Economy, up to now, there are also two kinds of evolution, namely, gradual change ( soft forking ) and sudden change ( hard forking ).

    #共识# (Consensus)不同于常识(common sense)。常识是普通知识,即一个生活在社会中的心智健全的成年人所应该具备的基本知识,包括生存技能(生活自理能力)、基本劳作技能、基础的自然科学以及人文社会科学知识等,一切基于敬畏自然。

    Consensus differs from common sense. Common sense is common knowledge, that is, a healthy adult living in society should have the basic knowledge, including survival skills (self-care ability), basic labor skills, the basis of natural science and humanities and social science knowledge, all based on the fear of nature.

    从某种程度上说,常识是历史性#共识# (Consensus),是特定人群(社区、组织、社会)在特定历史阶段就某个经济活动或社会活动中的特定议题已经达成的#共识# (Consensus),是新共识的基础。

    To some extent, common sense is a historical consensus, a consensus that a particular group of people (communities, organizations, societies) has reached on specific issues in a particular economic activity or social event at a specific historical stage, and is the basis of a new consensus.

    抽象意义层面以概念形式的“共识”不会变,具化的“共识”会随着时间、空间、社群、技术的变化发生变迁,所谓将来可能出现的“量子共识或者什么引力波共识”应该是具化的共识,甚至只是具化的共识的实现手段而已。

    The "consensus" in the conceptual form of the abstract meaning level will not change, but the concrete "consensus" will change with the changes of time, space, community, and technology, actualy, the so-called future "quantum consensus or what kind of gravitational wave consensus" should be a concrete consensus, or even the means for the realization of a concrete consensus.

    经济活动中的共识绝大多数是通过博弈而达成。

    Most of the consensus in economic activity is achieved through game.

    抽象层面的哲学意义上的共识是通过思辨而达成。

    The philosophical consensus in the abstract level is achieved through speculation.

    社会活动中的共识通常包括两种,其一是历史共识,即常识;其二是当下社会活动中的共识,通常是通过暴力而达成。

    There are usually two kinds of consensus in social activities, one is historical consensus, namely, common sense, and the other is consensus in current social activities, usually is achieved through violence.

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